A fallout shelter is simply an enclosed space designed specifically for the protection of occupants from the fallout or radioactive debris caused by a nuclear explosion. Several of such shelters were constructed during the Cold War as civil defense measures.
Building a fallout refuge
In case a nuclear attack occurs away and by bad luck you aren’t close to either public or private shelter, then the best thing is to build your own.
One type of shelter that can be made easily by a typical family and using a short amount of time is the ‘pole-covered trench’. It entails a simple hole in the ground coated by a mound of earth and a roof of poles. Therefore, In the event of a nuclear occurrence, this below general checklist of points would make easier building of this type of fallout refuge.
- Rain/water proof material; – Anything including, tablecloths, shower curtains and mattress covers will work.
- Water; – About Fifteen gallons of clean water is preferred to last everybody inside the shelter. It is necessary to remain inside a shelter for at least two weeks following a nuclear attack.
- The Tools; – Shovels to pick for hard ground dig earth. axes, knives or saws for cutting poles are necessary. Other items are measuring tapes, ropes, flashlights, pliers, hammers, work gloves, and medical kits. Cans, pots, pans and buckets are used for storing water and carrying earth.
- Homemade ventilation (air); – since human bodies give off water vapor, so the inside of a fallout will definitely be unbearably hot with no proper ventilation.
Therefore, in order to begin, it is advisable to stake all the outlines of trench using shafts of wood. The fallout should be located no less than 50 ft away from any huge buildings, since nuclear explosions can cause firestorms (far-reaching) and hence damage structures fine past ground zero. Once you have made a decision on appropriate dimensions, begin digging away earth and resizing the poles to an appropriate length. The poles should be placed across the trench while their ends should extend to at least 2 feet past edges.
Finally, cover whichever cracks found between the logs with anything that can stop dirt from falling right into the shelter. With the two 6 foot poles, one should be placed on top of the other and sheltered with rope, it can also be placed in front of the door to keep any dirt that might spill in. However, the waterproofing material above goes on top of the first layer, and another foot and a half of earth is placed right on top.